Medicare is a health insurance program provided by the government for those age 65 years or older,
individuals with qualifying disabilities, and people with end-stage renal disease. Original Medicare
is provided directly through Medicare and typically includes:
- Part A: Hospital Insurance - most people don't have to pay a Part A premium,
which helps cover inpatient hospital stays, skilled nursing facility care, hospice
care, and some home health care.
- Part B: Medical Insurance - most people pay a monthly premium for Part B,
which helps cover doctor's services, outpatient care, medical supplies, and
many preventative services.
2020 Costs At A Glance
|Part A Premium
||The majority of people don't pay a monthly premium for Part A (sometimes called "Premium Free Part A")
- If you buy Part A, you'll pay a maximum of $458 each month.
- If you have paid Medicare taxes for less than 30 quarters, the standard Part A premium is $458.
- If you h ave paid Medicare taxes for 30-39 quarters, the standard Part A premium is $252.
|Part A Hospital
Inpatient Deductible and Coinsurance
|This is what you pay:
- A deductible of $1,408 for each benefit period.
- $0 coinsurance for the first 60 days of each benefit period.
- $352 coinsurance per day for days 61-90 of each benefit period.
- $704 coinsurance per each "lifetime reserve day" after day 90 for each benefit period (up to 60 days over your lifetime).
- All costs beyond lifetime reserve days.
|Part B Premium
||$144.60 is the standard Part B premium amount for
Part B, this could be higher depending on your
|Part B Deductible and Coinsurance
||Your cost is $198 per year. After your deductible is
met, you typically pay 20% of the Medicare approved amount for:
- Most doctor services, including most doctor services while you're a hospital inpatient.
- Outpatient therapy.
- Durable Medical Equipment (DME).
You can choose to receive your Medicare benefits in various ways:
- Original Medicare
- Original Medicare + Supplement OR Cost Plan
- Medicare Advantage Plan
- An "all in one" alternative to Original Medicare is Medicare Advantage
(Part C). These "bundled" plans include Part A, Part B, and usually Part D.
- If you join a Medicare Advantage Plan, you'll still have Medicare and
still pay your Part B premium. However, you'll get your Medicare Part A
(Hospital Insurance) and Medicare Part B (Medical Insurance)
coverage from the Medicare Advantage Plan, not Original Medicare.
Medicare Supplements (Medigap)
Medica resupplement insurance, also known as Medigap, is sold by private
insurance companies and supplements Original Medicare Parts A and B. These
policies cover gaps in Original Medicare Parts A and Part B such as co-payments,
coinsurances, and deductibles you would otherwise pay yourself. Most Medicare
Supplements do not have a network and you will continue to pay your Part B
premium. Premiums are typically based on age and can increase as the insured
Medicare Select supplements are typically low-cost versions of traditional
Medigap/Medicare supplements, but they require subscribers to use in-network
hospitals, clinics and/or doctors. By negotiating prices within the network, the
Medicare Select plans are able to keep their costs down. For this reason,
Medicare Select plans usually have lower premiums than comparable Medigap
Medicare Advantage Plans
A Medicare Advantage Plan is a nother way to obtain your Medicare benefits.
Medicare Advantage Plans, sometimes called "Part C" or "MA Plans," are offered
by Medicare-approved private insurance companies that must follow rules set by
Medicare. If you join a Medicare Advantage Plan, you'll still have Medicare, but
you'll get most of your Medicare Part A (Hospital Insurance) and Medicare Part B
(Medical Insurance) benefits from the plan, not Original Medicare. Many
Medicare Advantage Plans offer additional benefits not available through
Original Medicare such as dental, vision, hearing, gym members hips, and other
items/services. Premiums are not based on the age of the insured. The two
predominant plan types in our area are:
Health Maintenance Organization (HMO)
HMO Plans are an excellent option for cost conscious Medicare beneficiaries
willing to diligently follow plan guidelines. Generally, you m ust get your care and
services from the providers in your plan's network. If you utilize non-network
providers you may have to pay the full cost of services yourself with these
- Emergency Care
- Out-of-area Urgent Care
- Out-of-area Dialysis
Preferred Provider Organization (PPO)
PPO Plans do have network doctors, other health care providers, and hospitals.
Each Plan gives you the choice to go to doctors, specialists, or hospitals that are
not on that list. However, it will usually cost less if you receive care from providers
on your network's list.
- Medicare Advantage plans can be a great fit for Veterans. With Original
Medicare Parts A & B, Veterans still have financial exposure when receiving
services outside the VA system. Medicare Advantage Plans cap your out-ofpocket
risk and add benefits Original Medicare or the VA may not offer such as
dental, vision, and hearing services. Some plans also offer a Part B premium
A Cost Plan is somewhat of a hybrid - across between a Medicare supplement
and a Medicare Advantage Plan. Similar to an Advantage Plan, a Cost Plan has a
network of doctors and hospitals the insured must use. There may be some cost
sharing (a copay for example) when visiting a doctor, for a hospital stay, labs, or
diagnostic tests, but this cost sharing all adds up to an out-of-pocket maximum
to limit the annual risk for the insured.
Cost Plans may include additional benefits not covered under Original Medicare
such as dental reimbursements, vision exams, eyewear coverage, hearing exams,
gym memberships, and more. The rates do not vary based on age and generally
are less expensive than a supplement, but more expensive than an Advantage
Plan . Some Cost Plans may offer an optional prescription drug benefit to fulfill
your creditable prescription drug needs as well. You will continue to pay your
Part B premium.
As with a supplement, the client retains his or her original Medicare, ensuring
the client has coverage if they receive services from outside the plan's network.
Medicare Cost Plans in our area do not have enrollment or dis-enrollment
periods and they are not medically underwritten (with the exception of endstage
renal disease). When obtaining healthcare services you would show both
your Original Medicare card and Cost Plan card.
Prescription Drug Plans (Part D)
Medicare prescription drug coverage, often referred to as Part D, is insurance
that helps pay for prescriptions. Anyone with Medicare Part A and/or Part B is
eligible for prescription drug coverage.
You can get Medicare prescription drug coverage through a stand-alone
prescription drug plan (PDP), Medicare Advantage Prescription Drug plan (MAPD),
or Medicare Cost Plan if it is offered. You may have creditable Medicare
prescription drug coverage through an employer or group plan . Knowing
whether your coverage is creditable is important in order to avoid possible
The Annual Enrollment Period (AEP) for Part D of Medicare currently runs from
October 15th - December 7th of each year, with Special Election Periods (SEP) available
under limited circumstances. This is the time of year to select or change your
insurance for the following year.
Get A Medicare Plan Quote from Koch Insurance
To see how our Medicare Plan insurance policies can help you be secure, please contact us for a
free quote. Koch Insurance agencies are located throughout South Dakota, with office
locations in Tea, Tyndall, Tabor, Springfield, and Yankton. We'll provide you with all the
information you need to make an informed decision on your health.